Liver Foundation, West Bengal

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  • Hepatitis C infection is a viral infection caused by Hepatitis C virus.

    Mode of Transmission:
    i) Parenteral-Transfusion of blood and blood products, intravenous drug abuse, body tattooing & occupational exposure
    ii) Sexual
    iii) Vertical (from mother to child.)

  • i)Blood test for HCV Antibody
    ii)Raised ALT, AST

  • Signs of Hepatitis C are as follows:
    i) Chills
    ii) Headache
    iii) Malaise
    iv) Anorexia

    G.I Symptoms of Hepatitis C are as follows: 
    i) Nausea
    ii) Vomiting
    iii) Diarrhea
    iv) Upper abdominal pain
    v) Jaundice

  • They are transmitted through feco-oral route. It is mainly transmitted through contaminated water and food.

  • Both Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E are curable.

  • i) As a precautionary measure one must maintain good personal, environmental & food hygiene.
    a) Washing of hands before meals, handling food, after toilet (after defecation)
    b) Cleaning of kitchen utensils regularly
    c) Boiled water should be taken
    d) Avoid eating raw or undercooked food
    ii) To take Hepatitis A vaccine 

  • i) The patient should do normal work
    ii) The patient should take normal food
    iii) The patient should avoid alcohol
    iv) The patient should avoid unnecessary medication
    v) The patient should take supportive treatment if necessary
    vi) The patient should maintain good personal, environmental and food hygiene

  • Infection of liver by Hepatitis D virus.
    It never infects liver solely. This infection is always associated with HBV.
    Route of transmission is same as that of HBV. Detection HBV antibody in blood is the only positive sign.